The Most Common Types of Roof
At www.d-marc.co.uk we often talk about roofs - they're important to our business and our home lives. For some more context on our posts, we've written up a list of some common roof types and an explanation on what each of them do.
Flat roofs are, as the name suggests, flat. They are characterised by their even pitch, though in some circumstances this can vary up to 10 degrees. This is a very minimal slope, however, and is practically flat in comparison to other roofs on this list. Flat roofs are perhaps the oldest roof type, being used by ancient civilisations like the Sumerians and Babylonians when building their homes in the Middle East. Flat roof demarcation is used for the safe construction and maintenance of this roof type.
The most common type of roof in Europe, gable roofs are sharply sloped and peak in the middle. Gable roofs rely on supports such as rafters to stay standing, which are not necessary in flat roofs.They are popular as they are relatively cheap and simple to build, and resist harsh weather much more effectively than flat roofs do, which is why they are found so often in cooler and wetter climes such as northern and western Europe. In Switzerland, gable roofs are sometimes put on church towers, and are known as "Cheese wedge roofs".
Hip roofs are not massively different to gable roofs, however they slope downwards on all sides, rather than just two. This means that there are no vertical sides on hip roofs, as each side is pitched steeply. This gives them more of a pyramid shape. Hip roofs typically have very even fascias which allow gutters to be fitted all around the outside of a house. Hip roofs are generally more difficult to build than gable or flat roofs, but give a structure a more compact and solid appearance.
A mono-pitched roof is a roof with one single slope which is not attached to any other roof surface. They are often referred to as a "lean-to". The roof itself can slope lower than the ceiling height of the structure which it is attached to, creating a slight overhang over the front wall. Buildings with mono-pitched roofs usually still have flat ceilings, as the rooms within would be very uneven if they did not!