American Architecture and Revolutionary Roofs
With America celebrating the 4th of July recently, we thought we would have a look at some of the most notable rooftops and buildings constructed around or after the American Revolution. The young American democracy, after its split from the British crown, sought to take a different architectural direction from the colonial period, focusing on the neoclassical building style and drawing inspiration from the ancient Roman and Greek democracies. This lead to some beautiful offices of state, many of which still stand today and remind American citizens of the history of their nation.
United States Capitol
Often referred to simply as the "Capitol Building", the United States Capitol has seated the US Congress since its completion in 1800, where it originally stood at the centre of Washington's Federal District. The word "Capitol" seems at first to be a misspelling, however it is actually taken from a Latin term associated with ancient Roman temples, and was chosen at the insistence of founding father Thomas Jefferson. The Capitol Building is notable for its pristine marble walls and the great dome atop the classical roofing, and bears much historical significance for being a prominent seat of government for 200 years.
Hamilton Hall, named for founding father Alexander Hamilton, was built in the historic town of Salem in the early 1800s, and has served as a local meeting hall since its construction. Hamilton Hall is notable for its brick walls and gabled roof, setting it apart from the marble pillars and domed roofs of other buildings on its list. The building is considered a National Historic Landmark and was built in the Federal architectural style, like most of the stately halls of the time.
Massachusetts State House
The Massachusetts State House is the state capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and houses both the Massachusetts State Court and the offices of the governor. The building, completed in 1798, is a striking sight, with red-brick walls and a huge gilded copper dome, and is rightfully considered a masterpiece of Federal architecture, perhaps the most beautiful building of that style. The building's design was based on two of London's most prominent buildings of the time, Somerset House and the Pantheon.
The White House
Last on the list comes the most famous building of all, the White House. Home to each American President since 1800, the White House is renowned internationally for its significance as the home of the President of the United States. Modeled on Leinster House in Dublin, the White House's plastered marble walls and great dome atop the roof are instantly recognizable worldwide. The White House has been burned down and rebuilt, and yet still remains to this day as a cultural and political icon for the United States of America.